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Phonics & Spellings

Phonics

Early reading starts with phonics and developing good phonics skills in younger pupils is vitally important. Phonics provision begins in Nursery and skills are developed daily throughout The Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1.  

 

The school follows a Systematic, Synthetic Phonics Scheme as advised by Government guidance, therefor we have chosen to use Letters and Sounds phonics programme as part of our whole school approach.

 

Letters and Sounds is split into six phases:

  • Phase 1 (Nursery)
  • Phase 2 (Reception)
  • Phase 3 (Reception)
  • Phase 4 (Reception moving into Year 1)
  • Phase 5 (Year 1)
  • Phase 6 (Year 2)

 

This works progressively through phases according to the children’s ability. More information about this can be obtained from your class teacher and during the phonics parents meetings.  Phonics is taught daily for 25 minutes, this is separate to English lessons.

 

In key stage 1 they explore vowel digraphs and trigraphs (a group of three letters that make a single sound, like 'igh' as in 'light' further. They will begin to understand, for example, that the letters 'ea' can make different sounds in different words (dream and bread). They will also learn that one sound might be represented by different groups of letters: for example, 'light' and 'pie' make the same sound).

 

They will be learning spelling rules, such as adding suffixes to words e.g. 'ed' 'ing' 'er' 'est' 'ful'. They will be taught rules on how to change root words when adding these suffixes e.g. removing the 'e' from 'have' before adding 'ing' and then moving onto harder concepts, such as silent letters (knock, write, etc).

 

Reception

 By the end of Reception, children should be able to read fluently and spell accurately:

 

Phase 2 High Frequency Words – Decodable and Tricky

a

it

I

at

is

dad

up

if

in

and

mum

back

but

of

into

big

his

him

had

no

on

got

go

an

as

can

off

not

get

the

Phase 3 High Frequency Words – Decodable and Tricky

will

that

then

now

she

this

with

for

he

them

down

me

my

see

too

was

all

look

we

you

her

be

they

are

 

Phase 4 High Frequency Words – Decodable and Tricky

went

from

children

little

it’s

just

help

said

were

out

like

one

have

do

when

some

come

there

what

so

 

Year 1

By the end of Year 1, children should be able to read fluently and spell accurately

 

Phase 5 High Frequency Words – Decodable and Tricky

don’t

day

old

made

I’m

came

by

make

time

here

saw

house

very

about

your

oh

their

people

Mr

Mrs

looked

called

asked

could

 

Year 1 Common Exception Words

the

is

no

one

a

his

go

once

do

has

so

ask

to

I

by

friend

today

you

my

School

of

your

here

put

said

they

there

push

says

be

where

pull

are

he

love

full

were

me

come

house

was

she

some

our

we

 

Year 2

By the end of Year 2, children should be able to read fluently and spell accurately:

 

Year 2 Common Exception Words

after

child

every

half

move

plant

whole

again

children

everybody

hold

Mr

poor

who

any

Christmas

eye

hour

Mrs

pretty

wild

bath

class

fast

improve

old

prove

would

beautiful

climb

father

kind

only

should

 

because

clothes

find

last

parents

steak

 

behind

could

floor

many

pass

sugar

 

both

cold

gold

mind

past

sure

 

break

door

grass

money

path

told

 

busy

even

great

most

people

water

 

 

Year 1 phonics test

 

Since 2012, all children in year 1 undertake a phonics screening test during the summer term. The children are tested on their ability to apply their understanding of phonics to reading a selection of 'words'. Some of these are real and some are not. the tests are taken individually, so your child will sit with their teacher and work through the test.

Once the tests are completed, the school will report to parents whether their child ahs achieved the expected age related standard or not. Children who do not reach the standard in year 1 will be retested in the summer term of year 2.

 

There will be more information available regarding the tests later on in the academic year and we hold parent phonics meetings and drop in sessions in the Autumn Term. For more information please check into your child's Class Dojo page.

 

 

Here are some useful phonics websites you can use to find out more and also practice your phonics at home.
 

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/letters-and-sounds-principles-and-practice-of-high-quality-phonics-phase-one-teaching-programme

 

http://www.letters-and-sounds.com/what-is-letters-and-sounds.html

 

https://www.phonicsplay.co.uk/ParentsMenu.htm

 

https://www.oxfordowl.co.uk/home/reading-site/expert-help/phonics-made-easy#

 

Check out Mr Thorne Network on youtube, where Mr Thorne and Geraldine Giraffe practice their phonics!

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC7sW4j8p7k9D_qRRMUsGqyw

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